Genesis 5:21-24 we are told that Enoch
walked with God. In my research I have found the book of
Enoch. I have read it over and over and found it to be
very moving and very inspiring. It was the very key
to bring me back to our Lord and Savior. It is a blue print
of all things past, present, and future from Genesis to the
Son of Man (Jesus Christ) our Messiah, to the secret day of
judgment. It is almost the whole Bible in one book.
My question is, why isn't this wonderful book in the Bible?
Bible Answer: The book of Enoch is one of the
Pseudepigrapha books and was apparently written during the first century
before Jesus Christ. The book contains one hundred and eight chapters
divided into five sections. The introductory chapters, 1-5, provide a
short introduction of Enoch and speak to the major themes of rewards,
punishment, the end of the world and final judgment. Book 1 includes
chapters 6-36 and is primarily about angels, the Tree of Life, Jerusalem,
and the universe. Book 2 includes chapters 37-71 and deals with the One,
the Son of God, or the Messiah, resurrection, the flood, Noah, future
judgment, and paradise. Book 3 (chap. 72-82) deals with stars, moon,
astronomy, the universe, and Enoch's mission. Book IV (chap. 83-90) presents
predictions about the flood, a historical sketch, the future of Israel,
and the messianic kingdom. Book V (chap. 91-105) addresses a variety
of topics and the concluding chapters 106-108 end the book.
While the book is fascinating to read, it is important to
note that the book is not scripture. That is, the book is not inspired
by God. The book was quoted in the Apocryphal book of Baruch, and in
several early church manuscripts: Barnabas 16:5, Idolatry 15:6 (Tertullian),
and Eccl. Proph 3 (Clement of Alexandria). Some have speculated that
Jude 14-15 is a quote from the book of Enoch and concluded that Jude
regarded Enoch as scripture. The following two quotes compare Jude 14-15
to the suspected passage in the book of Enoch.
. . . Behold, the Lord came with many thousands of His holy ones, to execute judgment upon all, and to convict all the ungodly of all their ungodly deeds which they have done in an ungodly way, and of all the harsh things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him. (NASB) Jude 14-15
. . . Behold, he will arrive with ten million of the holy ones in order to execute judgment upon all. He will destroy the wicked ones and censure all flesh on account of everything that they have done, that which the sinners and the wicked ones committed against him. - Enoch 1:9
Careful examination of the two passages reveals some significant differences.
First, Jude refers to "thousands" of angels, but Enoch refers
to "millions." Jude says that God will "convict" all
of the ungodly, but Enoch says that they will be "destroyed." The
rest of the two passages disagree in wording in minor ways. Therefore,
it is inaccurate to conclude that Jude quoted Enoch. Since the book of
Jude was written by Jude under the influence of God the Holy Spirit,
we conclude that the book of Jude is truth. Therefore Enoch is wrong
with regard to some facts.
The book of Enoch was never referred to by Jesus or any
of the New Testament writers as scripture, and the book was not
included in the New Testament by the apostles. It is commonly misunderstood
that the content of the Bible evolved over time. But the New Testament
clearly tells us that the apostles were identifying scripture as it was
being written (1 Tim. 5:17-18; 2 Pet. 3:14-16). The New Testament books
were being distributed by the apostles to the various churches to be
read (Gal. 6:11; Col. 4:16; 1 Thess. 5:27; 2 Thess. 2:2; 3:14). By the
time the apostles died, the New Testament had been written and its
books were known. The Muratorian Fragment and several of the early fathers
have left us a list of books that were identified as belonging to the
New Testament. The book of Enoch was never included. Some books were
challenged later but never with success.
Conclusion:You asked the question, "Why
isn't this wonderful book included in the Bible?" The answer is
that Jesus and the apostles never called it scripture. It is important
to note that a few early church fathers highly valued the book
of Enoch but they never referred to it as scripture. Therefore, we cannot
view it as authorative since it is not the Word of God.