What are the additional books of the Bible in the Catholic religion? And why are they not in the Bible?
There are three types or categories of sacred books for Christians. The first set of books is accepted by all of Christianity as being written by God and they are included in the Bible. The others are called the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha.
The Apocrypha Books – Accepted By Some
The Greek meaning of Apocrypha is “hidden” or “esoteric.” The Apocrypha is a set of fourteen books that the Roman Catholic Church accepts as being inspired by God. However, the rest of Christianity and the Jewish rabbis do not accept these as sacred books. It is interesting to note that they were included in the original King James Version Bible published in 1611 and in Martin Luther’s German version, due to their antiquity and background information. They were part of the Septuagint Greek version of the Old Testament but not the Hebrew version.
The Old Testament Apocrypha books were written after 200 B.C. (long after Malachi) or during the intertestemental period and before A.D. 100. There are two major reasons for not accepting these books as being the Word of God. The first and most important one is that neither Jesus nor the apostles ever directly quoted from them or treated them as the Word of God. The second reason is that Josephus, the noted Jewish historian, excluded the Apocrypha from this list of the Old Testament books. His ancient testimony tells us the prophets did not accept these books as inspired either. Jesus and the apostles referred to and directly quoted from only the Old Testament. None of the early church fathers and none of the ancient church councils accepted the Apocrypha as inspired by God.
The New Testament Apocrypha is a group of books, just like the Old Testament Apocrypha, that very few in Christianity accept as inspired but most do not. Those who accept these books are typically amethysts, the cults and critics of Christianity who seek to raise doubts about Christianity.
For more information please visit “What Is The Apocrypha? Should It Be In The Bible?”
The Pseudepigrapha Books – Rejected By All
The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha is a group of books that are rejected by everyone as not being inspired. That is, they do not belong in the Bible and they not trustworthy. These books usually include dreams, visions, magic, and some fanciful ideas.
Just like the Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, the New Testament Pseudepigrapha is a group of books that are rejected by all. Among the most interesting are the Gospel of the Childhood, Gospel of the Nativity of Mary, Gospel of the Psuedo-Matthew, History of Joseph the Carpenter, Acts of Thomas, and the Letter Attributed to Our Lord.
For more information please visit “What is the Pseudepigrapha? Should it be in the Bible?”
The Apocrypha books are valuable as historical information. The Maccabees and the Didache are great examples of this. But the apocryphas should not be considered equal to the God of Word. The pseudepigrapha books may be interesting reading, but they are rejected by all since they are not inspired by God.
Suggested Links:What Is The Apocrypha? Should It Be In The Bible?
What is the Pseudepigrapha? Should it be in the Bible?
How accurate is the Bible?
Is the book of Enoch inspired?
Da Vinci Code
Is The King James Bible The Best Bible?