What does it mean that the Bible is inspired?
The concept of inspiration does not mean that the Bible is exciting to read or that someone was unusually creative but that God wrote the Bible. 2 Timothy 3:16 says that all Scripture is inspired.
All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness . . . 2 Timothy 3:16 (NASB)
The Greek word translated as inspired is theopneustos. This is a compound word composed of theos, which means God, and pveo, which means to breathe. That is, it means “God breathed.” When people speak words, we exhale air through the vocal cords. The message is simply that God has spoken to us in the Scripture of the Bible.
Method of Inspiration
2 Peter 1:21 helps us understand why the Bible is inspired by telling us how God wrote it.
. . . for no prophecy was ever made by an act of human will, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God. 2 Peter 1:21 (NASB)
That is, God the Holy Spirit moved or carried, phero, men to write scripture. In both the Old and New Testaments, we are given examples of God communicating by dreams and visions (Genesis 15:1; Numbers 12:6; 1 Kings 3:5-15; Daniel 2:19; Acts 9:10). Sometimes God spoke directly to individuals (Genesis 2:16; Exodus 3:1-6).
Examples of Inspiration
2 Peter 1:21 also tells us how Scripture was written. It was written as God the Holy Spirit moved men to write the different books of the Bible. The following are examples of the Holy Spirit influencing men to write Scripture.
The first example is from the prophet of Ezekiel. Ezekiel 3:24-27 tells us that the Holy Spirit moved the prophet Ezekiel to write. As the prophet wrote the Holy Spirit directed his writing. As a result, the prophet wrote God’s words. That is, it was inspired.
The Spirit then entered me and made me stand on my feet, and He spoke with me and said to me, “Go, shut yourself up in your house. As for you, son of man, they will put ropes on you and bind you with them so that you cannot go out among them. Moreover, I will make your tongue stick to the roof of your mouth so that you will be mute and cannot be a man who rebukes them, for they are a rebellious house. But when I speak to you, I will open your mouth and you will say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD.’ He who hears, let him hear; and he who refuses, let him refuse; for they are a rebellious house.” Ezekiel 3:24-27 (NASB)
Another example is 2 Samuel 23:2. King David wrote this passage under the direction of the Holy Spirit. Notice that there are two authors: David and the Holy Spirit.
The Spirit of the LORD spoke by me,
And His word was on my tongue.
2 Samuel 23:2 (NASB)
In Micah 3:8 we are told that the prophet Micah was directed by the Holy Spirit.
On the other hand I am filled with power —
With the Spirit of the LORD —
And with justice and courage
To make known to Jacob his rebellious act,
Even to Israel his sin.
Micah 3:8 (NASB)
Another Old Testament passage to read is Zechariah 7:12. In the New Testament Acts 4:25 reveals the dual authorship of Scripture. In this verse we are told that David and the Holy Spirit wrote Psalm 2:1-2.
. . . who by the Holy Spirit, through the mouth of our father David Your servant, said,
“WHY DID THE GENTILES RAGE,
AND THE PEOPLES DEVISE FUTILE THINGS?” Acts 4:25 (NASB)
Acts 28:25-26 states that Isaiah and the Holy Spirit are the two authors.
And when they did not agree with one another, they began leaving after Paul had spoken one parting word, “The Holy Spirit rightly spoke through Isaiah the prophet to your fathers, saying,
‘GO TO THIS PEOPLE AND SAY,
“ YOU WILL KEEP ON HEARING, BUT WILL NOT UNDERSTAND;
AND YOU WILL KEEP ON SEEING, BUT WILL NOT PERCEIVE . . .’
Acts 28:25-26 (NASB)
In 1 Corinthians 7:40 Paul indicates that he had been guided by the Holy Spirit as he wrote.
To say that the Scriptures are inspired is to state that all Scripture has been written by God. Each word of the Bible was spoken by God. 2 Peter 1:21 helps us understand how each book of the Bible was written by God as the Holy Spirit moved the human authors of each book to write. The end result was the Bible without error.
Suggested Links:What are “liberal,” “neoorthodox,” and “conservative” views of inspiration?
What Is The Bible? – Discipleship Series
How has God revealed Himself? – General and Specific Revelation
What books belong in the Bible? – Canon of Scripture