Bible Question:

Was the first woman called Lilith? When was Eve created? Was it on the sixth day or after the sixth day since Adam was busy naming the animals?

Bible Answer:

According to a variety of ancient Sumerian, Babylonian and Jewish literature, Lilith was a female demon. The Babylonian Talmud describes Lilith as an evil spirit who had an uncontrollable passion for sex. Tractate Shabbath 151a states,

One may not sleep in a house alone, and whoever sleeps in a house alone is seized by Lilith.[1]

The warning was that a male must not sleep by himself. Otherwise, she may attack him and force him to engage in sex with her. Today, Lilith is a symbol of freedom for many feminist groups. She is also worshiped by followers of the Wicca religion.

Does Lilith Occur In The Bible?

The word Lilith occurs in the ASV, NAB, NJB, NRSV, RSV and Tanakh) but not in the KJV and not in other modern Bible versions such as the NKJV, NASB, an ESV. The Hebrew word lilith occurs in Isaiah 34:14.

The desert creatures will meet with the wolves,
The hairy goat also will cry to its kind;
Yes, the night monster will settle there
And will find herself a resting place. Isaiah 34:14 (NASB)

The Hebrew word lilith is translated in this verse as “night monster” in the NASB. The actual Hebrew word literally means “creature of the night.”[2] Most of the modern Bible translations of Isaiah 34:14 are preferred since they give the literal meaning of the word and do not transliterate the Hebrew word.

Was Lilith The First Wife of Adam?

According to Jewish legends, Lilith was Adam’s first wife.[3] Ginzberg states,

She had been created out of the ground like Adam. But she remained with him only a short time, because she insisted upon enjoying full equality with her husband. She derived her rights from their identical origin. With the help of the Ineffable Name, which she pronounced, Lilith flew away from Adam, and vanished in the air. Adam complained before God that the wife He had given him had deserted him, and God sent forth three angels to capture her. They found her in the Red Sea, and they sought to make her go back with the threat that, unless she went, she would lose a hundred of her demon children daily by death. But Lilith preferred this punishment to living with Adam.[4]

The Jewish Publication Society included the key word “legends” in the title of the book. The fictitious Lilith was demonic from the beginning.

The Bible rejects the concept that Adam had a wife called Lilith for two reasons. First, the Bible says that both Adam and Eve were created on the same day.

And God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them . . . God saw all that He had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day. (NASB) Genesis 1:27, 31

It is important to remember that sin had not yet entered the universe. Therefore, even if Lilith had been created on the sixth day she would not have sinned by being disobedient and acting as the Jewish legend describes. Since sin did not enter the universe until Genesis 3 with Adam and Eve, it was not present in Genesis 1 or Genesis 2.

The second reason Lilith did not exist was that Adam and Eve were the first couple.

For Adam was first formed, then Eve . . . 1 Timothy 2:13 (NASB)

Here we are told that Adam was formed first and then Eve was formed next.  The Bible never mentioned Lilith in Genesis or as a wife for Adam.

Conclusion:

The first woman was Eve and she was created on the same day as Adam. That is the testimony of the Scriptures. Lilith was not a wife of Adam.

 

 

References:

1. Tractate Shabbath. The Babylonian Talmud. 151a.

2. Keil and Delitzch. Isaiah. Commentary on the Old Testament. Hendrickson Publishing. 2006. vol. 7.  p. 347.

3. Ginzberg. The Legends of the Jews. Jewish Publication Society. 1937. vol.1. p. 65.

4. Ibid.