Bible Question:

In the book of Luke, when it is talking about the apostles, it mentions that Judas is the son of James. Was this Judas also a disciple? Also why did Judas iscariot have two names and all the other disciples are called by one name?

Bible Answer:

Jesus had two disciples by the name of Judas. We know very little about one of them – Judas, the son of James who was a son of Zebedee. The other Judas was Judas Iscariot betrayed Jesus. The following table lists the disciples in the order given in Mark 3:16-19 and Luke 6:12-16.

List of Disciples In Mark 3:16-19List of Disciples In Luke 6:12-16
Simon
James, son of Zebedee
John, brother of James
Andrew
Philip
Batholomew
Matthew
Thomas
James, son of Alphaeus
Thaddeus
Simon, the Zealot
Judas Iscariot
Simon
Andrew, brother of James
James
John
Philip
Batholomew
Matthew
Thomas
James, son of Alphaeus
Simon, the Zealot
Judas, the son of James
Judas Iscariot

Judas Iscariot

Mark 3:18 names only one of Jesus’ disciples as Judas. He is called Judas Iscariot. Judas Iscariot was the treasurer for the disciples and the betrayer our Christ. He eventually hung himself due to remorse because he betrayed Jesus (Matthew 27:3-10; Acts 1:17-19).

Judas, son of James

Luke 6:12-16 lists two disciples named Judas. One was called Judas, son of James and the other was Judas Iscariot. Judas, son of James was also called Thaddeus in the book of Mark. It was common in the time of Christ for individuals to have multiple names. For example, Simon was also called Peter (Mark 3:16; Luke 6:12). The apostles John and James were also called “sons of Thunder” (Mark 3:17). Thomas was also known as Didymus (John 20:24).

Conclusion:

As a young boy I had two names: my real name and a nick name. Multiple names are common. Jesus had multiple names. He was called the Son of God, the Lord, Jesus, Jesus Christ, and God eternal. The expression “son of God” means that He was God. I am glad that He was and is. He returned to life after being dead. No one has ever done that, except for Him. He is God and He loves us.