What is the message of the book of Job?
The author of the book of Job is unknown. If Job wrote the book, then he knew about the events that occurred in heaven (Job 1-2) after God rebuked him in chapters 38-42. Some believe that Elihu, Moses, Solomon, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Baruch or even Ezra wrote the book. One Rabbinic tradition states that Moses wrote the book. This is possible since Job lived in the land of Uz (Job 1:1) which was next to Midian, where Moses lived for forty years.
Date of the Book of Job
The book of Job is the oldest book in the Bible. It appears that the book was written after the Tower of Babel but before Abraham was born. If the book was written by Moses then it was written about 1485-145 B.C. If written by Solomon then the date is probably 950B.C. If the book was written by Job then the book was written before the time of Moses since the age of Job reveals he lived during the time of the ancient patriarchs. Job 42:16 states that Job lived 140 years after the events described in the book. The early chapters of Job reveal that Job had a large family and was very wealthy. This suggests that Job was an older man in Job 1. Therefore, since Job lived 140 years after the events described in the book, Job may have been 200 years old. Since Abraham lived until the age of 175 years (Genesis 25:7) most likely Job lived before Abraham.
Message of the Book of Job
The message of the book of Job is that righteous people can suffer even though they have not done anything wrong. Then in chapter 2 Job asks, “Shall we indeed accept good from God and not accept adversity?” The underlying theme of the book is “Why does Job serve God?” The answer is because He is God and we are but men.
The account of the events that occurred start in chapter 1 when we are told that Satan visited God and God informed Satan that Job was a righteous man. Satan objected declaring that Job only served God because He protected Job and blessed him. In response, a contest follows. God allows Satan to cause Job to suffer. Job loses his children and all of his wealth. Only he and his wife remain and then Job became sick. The events described in Job become a lesson for us. We discover that we can suffer even though we have done nothing wrong. We will suffer for unrepentant sin and we can suffer even though we are righteous.
Throughout the book we discover that Job’s three friends gave him bad counsel (Job 3-37). They repeatedly tried to help Job discover the root cause of his suffering. They did not know about the discussion and agreement in heaven so they faulted Job for his suffering. In Job 38-41 God speaks to Job and gives him magnificent insight into His character and power. Job responds with humility. In Job 42:7-9 God rebuked Job’s three friends. Finally, God doubled Job’s wealth and family.
The message of the book is that the righteous can suffer even though they have not sinned. God will do as He desires and we must respond as Job did,
Shall we indeed accept good from God and not accept adversity?”In all this Job did not sin with his lips. Job 2:10 (NASB)
The next time we suffer we should not immediately assume we have sinned and realize that a contest may be in process. Let’s give God glory!
Reference Links:I Am Suffering!
Why Do Christians Suffer? – part 1
Why Do Christians Suffer? – part 2
Why Do Christians Suffer? – part 3