Question:What happened to the people who crucified Jesus?
Did Jesus ever send any of them to the lake of fire, to hell? What
happened to them after the resurrection of Jesus? Did they continue
believing that he wasn't the Son of God or did they accept it?
Bible Answer: We answer your question in two
sections: Who crucified Christ? and what happened to them? We need to
remember who was involved in Jesus death and then we will answer your
Who Crucified Christ? The gospels indicate
that many people had some involvement in the death of Jesus Christ. They
included Judas, who betrayed Him for thirty silver coins, the Jewish
religious leaders who paid Judas and arranged for the solders who
arrested Jesus, and the Roman military.
Judas then, having received the Roman cohort and officers
from the chief priests and the Pharisees, came there with lanterns and
torches and weapons. So Jesus, knowing all the things that were coming
upon Him, went forth and said to them, "Whom do you seek?" They
answered Him, "Jesus the Nazarene." He said to them, "I
am He." And Judas also, who was betraying Him, was standing with
them. So when He said to them, "I am He," they drew back and
fell to the ground. Therefore He again asked them, "Whom do you
seek?" And they said, "Jesus the Nazarene." Jesus answered, "I
told you that I am He . . . So the Roman cohort and the commander and
the officers of the Jews, arrested Jesus and bound Him, and led Him to
Annas first; for he was father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest
that year. (NASB) John 18:3-13
Caiaphas, the high priest, was a member of the Sanhedrin. The Sanhedrin
was a religious body composed of seventy religious leaders that included
Pharisees, Sadducees, and others. The Sadducees, an upper-class and wealthy
elite, dominated this organization which at times functioned as a judicial
After Jesus arrived, the Sanhedrin Council held court and declared
that Jesus was guilty of blasphemy.
And the high priest said to Him, "I adjure You
by the living God, that You tell us whether You are the Christ, the Son
of God." Jesus said to him, "You have said it yourself; nevertheless
I tell you, hereafter you will see THE SON OF MAN SITTING AT THE RIGHT
HAND OF POWER, and COMING ON THE CLOUDS OF HEAVEN." Then the high
priest tore his robes and said, "He has blasphemed! What further
need do we have of witnesses? Behold, you have now heard the blasphemy;
what do you think?" They answered, "He deserves death!" (NASB)
They ignored His miracles and teachings. They simply wanted to know
if He considered Himself to be God, that He was and is the Son of
God. He agreed with their statement. He was God. In response they
accused Him of blasphemy. They sent Him first to Pontius Pilate (John
18:28). After being questioned He was sent to Herod (Luke 23:6-7).
After more questions, Herod returned Jesus to Pilate (Luke 23:11).
Then Pilate asked the crowd if they wanted a robber named Barabbas
or Jesus released. They chose Barabbas and shouted loudly that Jesus
be crucified (Luke 23:15-21). Then Pilate scourged Him,
Pilate then took Jesus
and scourged Him. (NASB) John 19:1
Finally, the solders led Him away and crucified Him (John 19:2-42).
Many people were responsible for Jesus’ death. In reality, all
of us are responsible for Jesus' death since He died for all of us.
What Happened To Them? The New Testament does not directly tell
us what happened to those who were responsible for Jesus’ death.
2 tells us that Peter preached a sermon on the day of Pentecost about
Jesus (Acts 2:1-36). He told the crowd that Jesus had died for them
according to God’s plan but had returned to life (Acts 2:22-24).
Three thousand people responded in belief and asked what they must
do. Peter told them to repent and demonstrate a commitment to Jesus
by being baptized (Acts 2:38-41). This is a wonderful passage since
it reveals that many people did believe after Jesus' death and return
But Acts 4 suggests to us that the Sanhedrin, who were
responsible for Jesus’ death, continued to reject Jesus. They
had crucified Him. The following passage also reveals that the religious
leaders still did not believe that Jesus was God and Savior.
On the next day, their rulers and elders and scribes
were gathered together in Jerusalem; and Annas the high priest was
there, and Caiaphas and John and Alexander, and all who were of high-priestly
descent. When they had placed them in the center, they began to inquire, "By
what power, or in what name, have you done this?" Then Peter,
filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them, "Rulers and elders
of the people, if we are on trial today for a benefit done to a sick
man, as to how this man has been made well, let it be known to all
of you and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus
Christ the Nazarene, whom you crucified, whom God raised from the
dead-- by this name this man stands here before you in good health.
He is the STONE WHICH WAS REJECTED by you, THE BUILDERS, but WHICH
BECAME THE CHIEF CORNER stone. "And there is salvation in no
one else; for there is no other name under heaven that has been given
among men by which we must be saved." . . . And when they [the
Jewish leaders] had summoned them, they commanded them not to speak
or teach at all in the name of Jesus. (NASB) Acts 4:5-12, 18
Did some of them accept Jesus later? We do not know.We are told that many of the priests believed after Jesus' return to heaven (Acts 6:7). It has been
assumed by some that the Apostle Paul might have been one of the
religious leaders, but we do not know for certain. The Bible never
tells us. Since the apostle Paul eventually believed in Jesus Christ (Acts 9:1-19),
it is possible that one of those calling for Jesus’ death did
finally believe and submit himself.
Conclusion:We do not know if Pontius Pilate
or Herod ever accepted Jesus. Only God knows. The same is true for
any of the religious leaders. Yet, an ancient archive reveals an
amazing fact about Pontius Pilate. Here are several statements attributed
to him by an ancient writer,
At His coming the lame will leap as a deer,
and the stammering tongue will clearly speak: the blind will see,
and the lepers will be healed; and the dead will rise, and walk.
And that He did those things, you can learn from the Acts of Pontius
Pilate. - Justin Martyr, First Apology 48
They pierced my hands and my feet, was used in reference to the nails
of the cross which were driven into His hands and feet. And. . . they
cast lots for His clothes, and after they crucified Him distributed it
among them. And that these things did happen, you can ascertain from
the Acts of Pontius Pilate. - Justin Martyr, First
Did Pontius Pilate become a Christian?