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  Notice that in each case the Spirit came "upon" them. He did not live inside them. He did not come "in" them and He did not always remain with them. King David understood this when he asked God to not remove the Holy Spirit from him. This is an important point. In 1 Samuel 16:13-14 we are told that the Holy Spirit came "mightily upon" King David, and then later in Psalms 51:11 David asks God to not remove the Holy Spirit from him. The Holy Spirit came "upon" people, but He did not remain with them.
     Ministry To Jesus. When we come to the New Testament, we find that the Holy Spirit was also present during Jesus' ministry, and helped Him perform miracles, and cast out demons.
 
  Reference Passage  
  Luke 3:22 . . . and the Holy Spirit descended upon Him in bodily form like a dove, and a voice came out of heaven, “Thou art My beloved Son, in Thee I am well-pleased.(NASB)  
  Luke 4:1 And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led about by the Spirit in the wilderness . . . (NASB)  
  Luke 4:14 And Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit; and news about Him spread through all the surrounding district. (NASB)  
  Luke 10:21 At that very time He rejoiced greatly in the Holy Spirit . . . (NASB)  
  Matt. 12:28 But if I cast out demons by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God has come upon you. (NASB)  
  Acts 10:38 You know of Jesus of Nazareth, how God anointed Him with the Holy Spirit and with power, and how He went about doing good, and healing all who were oppressed by the devil; for God was with Him. (NASB)  
 
This is an exciting truth because it reveals the fact that when Jesus became a human He lived His life as you and I would. But He was God and without sin. While He lived on this earth, He depended on the power of the Holy Spirit to do the ministry. This is a great spiritual insight. This should be the pattern of our Christian life - dependence on the Holy Spirit to work through us. Jesus is our example of human dependence on the Holy Spirit.

     John 16:7. We have already seen that the Holy Spirit was active on this earth in the Old Testament and during Jesus' ministry. Yet in John 16:7, Jesus says the Holy Spirit will come after He returns to heaven.
 
  But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go away, the Helper shall not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you. (NASB) John 16:7
 
Jesus said the same thing earlier in John 14:26 and John 15:26.
 
  But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that I said to you. (NASB) John 14:26
 
When the Helper comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, that is the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, He will bear witness of Me, (NASB) John 15:26

Who is the Helper? Jesus gave the answer in John 14:16.
 
  And I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may be with you forever; (NASB) John 14:16
 
The Helper is the Holy Spirit. What did Jesus mean that the Holy Spirit would be coming, if in fact He was already present? Jesus was talking about the Holy Spirit coming in a new and different way. This was predicted in the Old Testament according to Acts 2:14-21 and it happened on the day of Pentecost (Acts. 2:1-13).
    The Promise. With the start of Pentecost, the Holy Spirit started living inside those who believed God.
 
  . . . In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation - having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise, who is given as a pledge of our inheritance . . . (NASB) Ephesians 1:13-14
     
 
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