|| Bible Question: Where
was the location of the garden of Eden? Was it in the Middle East?
Bible Answer: The
Garden of Eden is actually a garden that was located on the east
side of a region called Eden according to Genesis 2:8. The Hebrew
word for Eden appears to mean "delight." We are not completely
sure about its meaning.
the LORD God planted a garden toward the east, in Eden; and
there He placed the man whom He had formed. (NASB)
It was a beautiful place according to Genesis 2:9-14. God provided
this garden with trees and water. The trees were beautiful and provided
food for the man and woman. Two of the trees were special: the tree
of the knowledge of good and evil and the tree of life.
out of the ground the LORD God caused to grow every tree
that is pleasing to the sight and good for food; the tree
of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of
the knowledge of good and evil. Now a river flowed out of
Eden to water the garden; and from there it divided and became
four rivers. The name of the first is Pishon; it flows around
the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. And the gold
of that land is good; the bdellium and the onyx stone are
there. And the name of the second river is Gihon; it flows
around the whole land of Cush. And the name of the third
river is Tigris; it flows east of Assyria. And the fourth
river is the Euphrates. (NASB)
A river flowed out of the garden. There is no name given for it.
This river branched into four other rivers: Pishon, Gihon, Tigris,
and the Euphrates. The location of the Pishon and Gihon rivers are
unknown to us. Many have attempted to locate them.
have said the river Pishon is the Nile River, but there is no biblical,
historical or archaeological support for the claim. Scripture does
say the river Pishon flowed around the land of Havilah. We do not
know the location of this land and there is no river flowing around
a Middle East country today. The land of Havilah and the location
of the Pishon River are unknown.
location of the Gihon River is also unknown. The land of Cush includes
the current lands of Ethiopia and Arabia. There is no river surrounding
Euphrates & Tigris. Today
there are two rivers called the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, but
the locations of these rivers at the time of Adam and Eve are uncertain.
The New Testament seems to imply the great flood during Noah's time
made changes in our world.
. . Through which the world at that time was destroyed, being
flooded with water. (NASB)
2 Peter 3:6
There is solid reason to believe the great flood changed the geography
of our world. The geography of our world today is different than
it was at the creation, and there is no Middle East river that branches
into four rivers, two of which are the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.
Adam sinned, resulting in a sin cursed earth and human race, God
sent Adam and Eve out of the garden.
He drove the man out; and at the east of the garden of Eden
He stationed the cherubim, and the flaming sword which turned
every direction, to guard the way to the tree of life. (NASB)
He drove them eastward and stationed a cherubim to guard the tree
of life. It appears the garden was in the Middle East and Adam went
farther east. Was the garden in Egypt? Was it the land we now call
Iraq? or Iran? We do not know.
the time of the prophets, such as Ezekiel, we discover the garden
of Eden is a desert.
they will say, This desolate land has become like the
garden of Eden; and the waste, desolate, and ruined cities
are fortified and inhabited. (NASB)
The garden had probably been a desert for thousands of years before
this but this is the first time we read these words. A lush, beautiful
garden was a garden of just sand in Ezekiel's day. That is a picture
of sin. It is a picture of what Jesus wants to do in our lives. We
were once just desert - sinners. If He is your savior, you are now
a lush garden - a forgiven saint!