did the soldier pierce Jesus' side with the sword? What are the prophesies
concerning the sword in the side?
Bible Answer: The following passage reveals
the answer to both of your questions.
Then the Jews, because it was the day of preparation,
so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for
that Sabbath was a high day), asked Pilate that their legs might be broken,
and that they might be taken away. So the soldiers came, and broke the
legs of the first man and of the other who was crucified with Him; but
coming to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not
break His legs. But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear,
and immediately blood and water came out. And he who has seen has testified,
and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth,
so that you also may believe. For these things came to pass to fulfill
the Scripture, “NOT A BONE OF HIM SHALL BE BROKEN.” (NASB)
Pontius Pilate ordered that the legs of those hanging on the crosses
be broken. This command was given in order to speed their deaths. After
breaking the legs of the two thieves, the soldier decided to not break
Jesus' legs. Instead he took a spear and pierced Jesus' side. He did
not use a sword, since Jesus would have been hanging above the soldier
up on the cross. Most likely, it was already obvious that Jesus was dead
so the soldier pierced Jesus' side with the spear in order to verify
that Jesus was truly dead. When the soldier did, water and blood came
out. The mixture of water and blood occurred for one of several reasons:
a) the crassamentum and the serum of
the blood had already begun to separate, b) Jesus' lungs or stomach
had filled with water and blood and the spear pierced the corresponding
organ, or c) the water came from the pericardium as the result of a coronary
The prophecy that was fulfilled is given in John 19:36.
It is a quote from Psalms 34:20.
He keeps all his bones, Not one of them is broken.
(NASB) Ps. 34:20
The prophecy predicted that none of Jesus' bones would be broken.
Conclusion:It is wonderful to note that the bones
of the Passover lamb were not to be broken (Exodus 12:46; Numbers 9:12).
The Passover lamb was a type or symbol of the coming Messiah. Jesus died
during the Passover festival. Jesus was and is our Passover sacrifice
who took away our sins. Praise God! We can have our sins
forgiven if we believe that He is our God and want His forgiveness
of our sins. The result is that each person who does will spend eternity
1. Merrill C. Tenny. John, The
Expositors Bible Commentary. Zondervan Publishing. 1981. vol 9.,
2. Mark E. Moore. The Chronological
Life of Christ. College Press Publishing Co. 1997. vol 2. p. 595.